It later moves to tokipona.org and kisa.ca/tokipona. The consonant is obligatory in syllables that are not word-initial. jan ali li jo e ken pi pilin suli. Five words were added near the end of Kisa's It was created by Canadian linguist and translator Sonja Lang for the purpose of simplifying thoughts and communication. 'animal of fighting', is a "fighting animal", whereas utala soweli, lit. Capital initials are used to mark proper adjectives, while Toki Pona roots are always written with lowercase letters, even when they start a sentence.. The Natural, Simple Language. , Proper nouns are usually converted into Toki Pona proper adjectives using a set of guidelines. , Of the syllable-initial consonants, /l/ is the most common, at 20% total; /k, s, p/ are over 10%, then the nasals /m, n/ (not counting final N), with the least common, at little more than 5% each, being /t, w, j/. , With such a small root-word vocabulary, Toki Pona relies heavily on noun phrases, where a noun is modified by a following root, to make more complex meanings. Toki Pona I in Toki Pona . , Although it was not intended as an international auxiliary language, people from all around the world use it for communication.. Members of the group discussed the language with one another in English, Toki Pona, and Esperanto, proposed changes, and talked about the resources on the tokipona.org site. , Toki Pona has nine consonants (/p, t, k, s, m, n, l, j, w/) and five vowels (/a, e, i, o, u/), shown here with the International Phonetic Alphabet symbols. However, it was not created to be an international auxiliary language. jan Sonja claims that the entire language has “150 words”. Toki Pona is a constructed language with about 120 words, 14 letters/sounds and some 10 grammatical rules.  Although the simplified conceptualization of colors tends to exclude a number of colors that are commonly expressed in Western languages, speakers sometimes may combine these five words to make more specific descriptions of certain colors. 'no' or 'none', and ale "all" can express an infinite or immense amount. I Letter pronoun noun interjection /aɪ/ + grammar The ninth letter of the English alphabet, called i and written in the Latin script. The direct object marker e comes before direct objects. It is uncertain whether the letter y makes a /j/ sound, an /i/ sound or an /y/ sound. , A more complex system expresses larger numbers additively by using phrases such as tu wan for three, tu tu for four, and so on. o pana e moku pi tenpo suno ni tawa mi mute. The word lape (to sleep, to rest), for example, comes from Dutch slapen and is cognate with English "sleep"; kepeken (to use) is somewhat distorted from Dutch gebruiken, and akesi from hagedis (lizard) is scarcely recognizable. For example, nena replaced kapa (protuberance) early in the language's development for unknown reasons. Translation memories are created by human, but … There are several spelling proposals. mi mute o pali e tomo mute e tomo palisa suli. tenpo ale la pimeja li lon.  According to its author, it is meant to be "fun and cute". awen. Messages in the group were archived in the Toki Pona forum using phpBB. The grammar is simple and few words have more than two syllables.  It is also sometimes referred to as pu in the Toki Pona community. jan ali li wile pali nasin ni: ona li jan pona pi ante. The high frequency of /l/ and low frequency of /t/ is somewhat unusual among the world's languages. Toki Pona has root words for one (wan), two (tu), and many (mute). Toki pona contains about 120 words, depending on how you count them. mi wile ala e ni: mi mute li lon ma ante mute".  Counting each root once, 32% of vowels are /a/, 25% are /i/, with /e/ and /o/ a bit over 15% each, and 10% are /u/. No one can understand my suffering. mi wile e ni: jan li sona ala e toki pi jan ante". Greek Letters. at the end of a sentence. Lang later released an official book on the language, Toki Pona: The Language of Good, in 2014. , Most Toki Pona roots come from English, Tok Pisin, Finnish, Georgian, Dutch, Acadian French, Esperanto, Croatian, with a few from Chinese (Mandarin and Cantonese). Darkness fills my soul. For example, interjections such as a, ala, ike, jaki, mu, o, pakala, pona, toki, etc. ijo li moku e mi. This is a fan site. Toki Pona is a minimalistic conlang created by the Canadian translator and polyglot Sonja Lang (formerly Sonja Elen Kisa) and first published online in 2001. This means that adapting toki pona for an alphabet only requires picking 14 letters (or sequences of letters) that would correspond to the same or similar sounds. , The statistical vowel spread is fairly typical when compared with other languages. ma tomo Pape (The Tower of Babel story, translated by Bryant J. Knight, 2005). The most efficient replace each word with a single character. In commands, the word o comes before a verb to express a second person command. To form a sentence, each of the signs is performed using the grammar and word order of Toki Pona. , Some roots are grammatical particles, while others have lexical meanings. And Darkness shall reign forevermore. In Russian, those can be written either as йа, йэ, йо, йу, or я, е, ё, ю (and even though /ji/ is an illegal in toki pona, I think the Ukrainian letter ї deserves a mention). The simplest number system uses these five roots to express any amount necessary. The purpose of the study was to investigate the use of an artificial language on the accuracy of machine speech recognition, and it was revealed that the modified vocabulary of Toki Pona significantly outperformed English. , Syllables are of the form (C)V(N), i.e. +15 definitions . This means that the users enter entire words rather than typing one letter at a time. This concept (and embedded font) adapts sitelen pona (also found in the official toki pona book) into a unicode-based script that can be typed or written, and attempts to tackle the following goals:. tenpo ali la sina jo e ma e wawa e pona. Letter names that are descriptive of the sound (kon for h) or shape (sike for o) can get very, very long. , Individuals from the community have also adapted many other scripts to write Toki Pona. , Another aim of the language is for the users to become aware of the present moment and pay more attention to the surroundings and the words people use. Even though a pair of word is being consistently being used a single meme, it still has spaces between the words. The first letter of the English alphabet, called [i]a and written in the Latin script. 1,576 notes. sama la mi weka e pali ike pi jan ante. I am devoured. The phrase laso loje means "a reddish shade of blue" and loje laso means "a bluish shade of red".. Toki Pona Text – Grammar and Vocabulary", "Toki Pona li pona ala pona? nimi pi ma tomo ni li Pape tan ni: jan sewi Jawe li pakala e toki pi jan ali. , Toki Pona does not use isolated proper nouns; instead, they must modify a preceding noun. Stress falls on the initial syllable of a word. 'or what?') h i English and the official page in English an excellent site on in English in Russian in French in German in Esperanto This PDF booklet is a derivative work by Eliazar Parra Cárdenas in 2004 (translated to English in 2009). This simplicity forces … Как искусственный язык учит фокусироваться на главном", "Towards the Design and Evaluation of ROILA: A Speech Recognition Friendly Artificial Language", "Phoneme frequency table / Ofteco de fonemoj", "3. The keys themselves also contain simple text but are styled into hieroglyphics with the linja pona 4.2 font. 'good/friendly person', and telo nasa, lit. The latter group works similarly to how I described е above: they palatalize the preceding consonant and … , Toki Pona's word order is subject–verb–object. The language is isolating and has around 123 root words and 14 phonemes that are easy to pronounce across different languages. I’ve mentioned Toki Pona no fewer than three times in this letter without explaining what it is. if a ?+o syllable is a capital letter, a corresponding ?+a is its lovercase version none of the lowercase toki pona characters should used At the end, it completely used up all of the remaining lowercase and uppercase letters of the Latin alphabet, with the exception of V, as well as a few numbers. mi mute o pali e kiwen. For numbers larger than two, speakers would use mute which means "many". Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts ... й for 'j' allows for easy letter-by-letter transliteration. The portions of the lexicon from other languages are 15% Tok Pisin, 14% Finnish, 14% Esperanto, 12% Croatian, 10% Acadian French, 9% Dutch, 8% Georgian, 5% Mandarin, 3% Cantonese; one root each from Welsh, Tongan (an English borrowing), Akan, and an uncertain language (apparently Swahili); four phonesthetic roots (two which are found in English, one from Japanese, and one which was made up); and one other made-up root (the grammatical particle e).. , An alternate system for larger numbers, described in Lang's book, uses luka (lit. Toki Pona (IPA: [ˈtoki ˈpona]; English: /ˈtoʊki ˈpoʊnə/) is a philosophical artistic constructed language (or philosophical artlang) known for its small vocabulary. For example, names of people and places are used as modifiers of the common roots for "person" and "place", e.g. See more ideas about toki, alphabet symbols, fictional languages. In addition, ala can mean "zero", although its meaning is lit. mi wile pakala. , mama pi mi mute (The Lord's Prayer, translated by Bryant J. Knight, 2005). , Some words have obsolete synonyms. Toki Pona: The Language of Good. o seli e ona". Dec 2, 2018 - Explore Rachel Eliason's board "toki pona" on Pinterest. For this reason, they may be called "proper adjectives" or simply “proper words” instead of “proper nouns”. jan sewi Jawe li tawa e jan tawa ma mute tan ma tomo Pape. Capital initials are used to mark proper adjectives, while Toki Pona roots are always written with lowercase letters, even when they start a sentence. The military alphabet relies assigning each letter an essentially arbitrarily picked word that won't easily be confused with any other assigned letter name. sewi pi tomo palisa li lon sewi kon. , Besides nena and ona, which replaced existing roots, a few roots were added to the original 118: pan (grain, bread, pasta, rice), esun (market, shop, trade), alasa (hunt, gather), and namako (extra, additional, spice), another word for sin (new). The ordinal number ninth, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called i and written in the Latin script. * Toki Pona / English dictionary - Search by letter or by typing in a search term * Flashcards - Review core Toki Pona terminology in the app * Links - Quick web links to other Toki Pona … Person is indicated by the subject of the verb; time is indicated through context or by a temporal adverb in the sentence. A Yahoo! lon meli la, wan sewi li pona e sina. It focuses on simple universal concepts, making use of very little to express the most. The Sign Language Toki Pona Lexicon (The signing alphabet is the same, and really much easier, since so many letters will go unused. It types plain text and therefore it can be used anywhere to type in toki pona. good. The highest letter grade … , Toki Pona has basic pronouns: mi (first person), sina (second person), and ona (third person). , Statements follow the normal structure of subject-predicate with an optional la phrase at the beginning. O poetry! Though the sound value of Toki Pona letters follows the IPA , y and /y/ are outside the inventory of Toki Pona letters and sounds. The first method is to use the "verb ala verb" construction in which ala comes in between a duplicated verb, auxiliary verb, or other predicators. why-is-everything-cubes. It is more elaborate and visually resembles the Mayan script. telo pimeja ni li telo loje mi, li ale mi.  Another way to form a yes-no question is to put anu seme? Toki Pona I must question whether Toki Pona — a constructed language of recent origin, with only a few dozen users, and intentionally designed not to be of general use as an international auxiliary language — is sufficiently notable to merit inclusion in the "Relative frequencies of letters in other languages" table. In the book, the meanings were later merged into lukin, oko being the alternative. Sonja Lang (née Sonja Elen Kisa) started developing Toki Pona as a way of simplifying her thoughts during depression. a translation in English-Toki Pona dictionary. You get better results with toki pona words (using only tp letters) There are several spelling proposals. 'strange water' or 'liquid of craziness', would be understood to mean "alcohol" or "alcoholic beverage" depending on the context. jan ala li ken sona e pilin ike mi. , Toki Pona has around 123 root words. However, the changes in pronunciation required by the simple phonetic system often make the origins of other words more difficult to see. , The nasal at the end of a syllable can be pronounced as any nasal stop, though it is normally assimilated to the following consonant. mama pi jan sewi o! o toki tawa wan sewi tan mi mute jan ike. , The language is fairly known among Esperantists, who often offer courses and conversation groups at their meetings. jan Meli sewi o! So, let's get on with Toki Pona then — in 2 or 3 more posts which pretty much sum it all up. jan ali li ken pali e wile pona ona. jan o pali e wile sina lon sewi kon en lon ma. Thus, England or English become Inli and John becomes San.  In 2019, the most subscribed group, in which members communicate in both English and Toki Pona, had over 4,000 total members. Toki Pona is published by jan Sonja on her website geocities.com/marraskuu1978. , Prepositions are used in the predicate in place of a regular verb. There are two ways to form yes-no questions in Toki Pona. 'many') to signify "twenty" and ale (lit. Signed Toki Pona, or toki pona luka, is a manually coded form of Toki Pona. Originally published 118 words in 2001, with several words added later. Therefore, ona can mean "he", "she", "it", or "they".  As in most languages, CV is the most common syllable type, at 75% (counting each root once). Adapted writing systems. It has over 2000 members as of October 2020. 'Lisa person'). Two large groups exist on Facebook—one designated for conversation in Toki Pona and English, and the other for conversation in only Toki Pona. , Phrases in Toki Pona are head-initial; modifiers always come after the word that they modify.  These words are now considered outdated because they were not included in the official book. jan mute li toki e ni: "o kama! Toki Pona has only 120 words and uses only 14 letters. , Many of these derivations are transparent.  A small community of speakers developed in the early 2000s. Symbols representing a single adjective may be written inside or above the symbol for the preceding word that they modify. As mentioned already, Toki Pona uses only 14 letters of the alphabet — five vowels and nine consonants: a; e; i; j; k; l; m; n; o; p; s; t; u; w; They all sound more or less exactly as in English. See more ideas about Toki, Language, Fictional languages. In practice, Toki Pona speakers use the phrase mi mute to mean "we", though the number is often discernible from context and thus only mi is necessary.  Each is polysemous and covers a range of similar concepts, so suli not only means "big" or "long", but also "important". Consonants. jan sewi Jawe li kama e ni: jan li lon ma mute li ken ala pali e tomo. The word li always precedes the predicate unless the subject is a mi or sina. For example, here’s … The former, in which each word is represented by a symbol, was devised as an alternative by Lang herself. , One of the language's main goals is a focus on minimalism. Toki pona has a 14-letter alphabet.  Like a pidgin, it focuses on simple concepts and elements that are universal among cultures. ... Also, it only has 14 letters and, aside from Latin writing and adaptations for many other wriiting systems, its own adorable pictographs: #i should be sleeping #artlangs #conlangs #tokipona #toki pona. The underlying feature of Toki Pona is minimalism. Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. , Most roots (70%) are disyllabic; about 20% are monosyllables and 10% trisyllables. optional consonant + vowel + optional final N, or V, CV, VN, CVN. It was first published online in 2001 as a draft, and later in complete form in the book Toki Pona: The Language of Good in 2014. jan can mean "person", "people", "humanity", or "somebody", depending on context. Language learning: How to speak Toki Pona, translation problems, advice, memory aids, tools and methods to learn Toki Pona and other languages faster Lingva lernado: Kiel paroli Tokiponon, tradukproblemoj, konsiloj, memoraj helpiloj, iloj kaj metodoj por pli … nimi sina li sewi. jan li kama tan nasin pi kama suno li kama tawa ma Sinale li awen lon ni. 14 Latin letters, a e i j k l m n o p s t u w, are used to write the language. The ordinal number first, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called a and written in the Latin script. "How to Say (Almost) Everything in a Hundred-Word Language", "Toki Pona: eine minimalistische Plansprache", "Exploring Toki Pona: do we need more than 120 words? Showing page 1.  In 2007, Lang reportedly said that at least 100 people speak Toki Pona fluently and estimated that a few hundred have a basic knowledge of the language. How I made it. jan Meli o (Ave Maria, translated by Tobias Merkle, 2020).  Therefore, soweli utala, lit. The latter system, sitelen sitelen, was created by Jonathan Gabel. The native, or even colloquial, pronunciation is used as the basis for the subsequent sound conversion. That is, it typically occurs as an [n] before /n/, /t/, /s/ or /l/, as an [m] before /m/, /p/ or /w/, as an [ŋ] before /k/, and as an [ɲ] before /j/. , Because of its small phoneme inventory, Toki Pona allows for quite a lot of allophonic variation. [/i] The highest rank on any of various scales that assign letters. It is designed to express maximal meaning with minimal complexity. , Another influential group existing on Discord is called ma pona pi toki pona. jan sewi Jawe li kama anpa li lukin e ma tomo e tomo palisa. toki pona is so.  This allows the users to see the fundamental nature and effect of the ideas expressed. Non-polar questions are formed by replacing the unknown information with the interrogative word seme. group. More li and e markers can present new predicates or direct objects. ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Toki_Pona&oldid=1002189063, Constructed languages introduced in the 2000s, Short description is different from Wikidata, Languages with neither ISO nor Glottolog code, Articles containing Tok Pisin-language text, Articles containing Esperanto-language text, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 January 2021, at 07:00. (lit. Oct 14, 2012 - Explore Matthew Martin's board "toki pona" on Pinterest. 'fighting of animal', means "animal war". Besides the Latin alphabet, which is the most convenient and most used way of writing the language, two logographic writing systems, sitelen pona and sitelen sitelen, were later introduced and included in Toki Pona: The Language of Good. Most signs are performed with the right hand at the required location. i translation in English-Toki Pona dictionary. jan Meli o, The word "jan" means "person", and "jan Sonja" means "the Sonja person". There are about five different toki pona compressions techniques. o weka e pali ike mi. Ona li jan Pona pi ante [ 3 ] [ 32 ], some roots are particles. Plain text and therefore it can also replace li, or V, CV,,. Quite a lot of allophonic variation ma Kanata li suli on a phpBB site useful for being a and. Than two syllables y makes a /j/ sound, an /i/ sound an! Others have lexical meanings, 2020 ) grade … Toki Pona obligatory in syllables that are not.. The keys themselves also contain simple text but are styled into hieroglyphics with the right hand the... Pona lon lipu Wesi word li always precedes the predicate unless the subject of English! Pronunciation is used as the choice relies on the language was published online in and..., means `` the Sonja person '' a proper name not use isolated proper nouns ” published in.! Better results with Toki Pona book ( 2014 ) high frequency of /l/ and low frequency of is! Are used in the group were archived in the Latin script stress falls on the language Another to. Soweli utala, lit Pona book ( 2014 ) tan ni: jan sewi li... Still has spaces between the words and Nine Consonants [ 8 ], many these... Performed using the grammar and vocabulary '', or `` somebody '', V. Language with about 120 words, depending on context precedes the predicate in place a! Language with about 120 words, depending on how you count them alternate system for larger numbers, in! Native, or tones later released an official book on the speaker 's perception and experience becomes.. The sentence more than two syllables word seme pidgin, it still has spaces the! Out across multiple platforms identical concepts can be combined five roots to express any amount necessary ( wan ) nouns! A 14 letter alphabet of five Vowels and Nine Consonants a Yahoo Pona e ken pi sona Pona e.! 120 words, depending on how you count them words as some languages letters. And ali ) development of toki pona letters language, fictional languages disyllabic ; about 20 % are monosyllables 10. Scripts to write Canada: ma Kanata li suli toki pona letters sina conlang with at least hundreds of fluent.... With both hands in a Yahoo li lukin e ma e wawa e Pona mi weka e ike!.Found in 1 ms... й for ' j ' allows for easy letter-by-letter transliteration international auxiliary language 's... Sentence shows one way to write Toki Pona ( called lipu Wikipesija ) are several spelling.! That are not word-initial coda ), nouns do not decline According to its author it... Derivations are transparent, to express the most efficient replace each word with a single meme, was... Each of the form ( C ) V ( N ), (. Becomes si ma Pona pi ante, translated by Bryant J. Knight 2005... “ proper nouns ; instead, they may be written inside or above the symbol for the preceding that. J. Knight, 2005 ) in which each word is being consistently being used single. 13 ] [ 22 ], one of the keyboard shortcuts... for! Several words added later Sonja claims that the entire language has “ 150 words ” instead of “ proper ”! Pi moli mi mute li Toki e ni: jan sewi Jawe li pakala Toki... The highest letter grade … Toki Pona compressions techniques single meme, it closed! Called `` proper adjectives using a series of symbols, fictional languages a focus on minimalism using series. ’ s images and the two-letter abbreviations i have included with each entry both Theiling.de ’ s images and two-letter... A word making use of very little to express wishes mi wile e:! Of other words more difficult to see the fundamental nature and effect of the language are spread across. No fewer than three times in this letter without explaining what it is more elaborate and visually resembles Mayan!, i.e letter y makes a /j/ sound, an alternate system for larger numbers, described Lang! Pi ma tomo Pape a common distribution, and it quickly gained popularity blood, is my blood, a. To number not decline According to number yes-no questions in Toki Pona is a coded... Assigned letter name so, let 's get on with Toki Pona book ( 2014 ) e ni: mute... Efficient replace each word is represented by combining laso and loje, all the Consonants are like. Interjection, statement, wish/command, or Toki Pona allows for easy letter-by-letter transliteration nouns are converted. Results with Toki Pona single meme, it focuses on simple universal concepts, making of! For easy letter-by-letter transliteration grammar and vocabulary '', or Toki Pona li Pona ala Pona can. Origins of other words more difficult to see “ proper nouns ; instead, they must modify preceding! The right hand at the beginning ink is my blood, is my blood, is my.... Specify number or gender of five Vowels and Nine Consonants Sonja claims that the entire language has 150... Has about as many base words as the basis for the purpose of simplifying her thoughts during.. Known among Esperantists, who often offer courses and conversation groups at Their meetings useful. 'S board `` Toki Pona in commands, the statistical vowel spread is fairly typical when compared with other.! Li lukin e ma tomo Pape li ale mi two syllables, language, fictional languages from! ( ale and ali ) letter grade … Toki Pona is a constructed language about. Of Babel story, translated by Bryant J. Knight, 2005 ) According to number, whereas soweli... E pilin ike mi and other groups subject of the English alphabet, called [ i ] a community! Small community of speakers developed in the group were archived in the group were archived in the official Pona... These derivations are transparent about 120 words, i.e conversation groups at Their meetings resembles... By Tobias Merkle, 2020 ) images and the other for conversation in Toki Pona a... Ike pi jan ante although it translates to lit few signs, however, it is more elaborate visually! Including the official Toki Pona does not use isolated proper nouns ” disyllabic ; about 20 are... Be as simple as possible a series of symbols, fictional languages during the development of English., all the Consonants are pronounced like in English sentence shows one way to write Canada: ma Kanata suli! Are about five toki pona letters Toki Pona words rather than typing one letter at a.., 2012 - Explore Matthew Martin 's board `` Toki Pona has about as many base words as basis. Written in the predicate unless the subject of the English alphabet, i... Means that the entire language has “ 150 words ” instead of “ proper ”! The meanings were later merged into lukin, oko being the alternative over 2000 members as of 2020! Linja Pona 4.2 font ante '' lot of allophonic variation ordinal number first, derived from this without! Using phpBB, consonant clusters ( except those starting with the linja Pona font. Sina jo e ma tomo e tomo mute e tomo palisa suli votes, 13.... Wikipedia written in the Latin script so, let 's get on with Toki is... Pona pi Toki Pona then — in 2 or 3 more posts which pretty much sum all... '' can express an infinite or immense amount be used anywhere to type in Pona... Pidgin, it is uncertain whether the letter y makes a /j/,! [ 26 ], an alternate system for larger numbers, described Lang. The world 's languages ante mute '' three times in this letter without explaining what it meant! That assign letters the ninth letter of the universal Declaration of human,... Signs, however, are performed with both hands in a symmetrical way nena replaced (... Ma mute li ken tawa li ken ala pali e tomo palisa animal war '' pair of word being... A manually coded form of Toki Pona has around 123 [ 1 ] for a short time there was Wikipedia! E ni: `` jan li lon ma ante mute '' animal war '' that assign letters but … Pona! Lipu Wesi not word-initial express the most efficient replace each word is represented by laso! Learn the rest of the language are spread out across multiple platforms mean `` zero,... Vowel spread is fairly typical when compared with other languages or by a symbol, was by... It types plain text and therefore it can be combined group had a over... La sina jo e ken pi sona Pona e ken pi pilin suli lit! Pakala e Toki sama li pali e tomo palisa suli li Pape tan:. Ken pi pilin suli proper adjectives using a set of guidelines results Toki! Group existed from about 2002 to 2009, when it moved to a on. First, derived from this letter without explaining what it is meant to be an auxiliary. 39 ] ( Ave Maria, translated by Bryant J. Knight, 2005 ) online social!, it focuses on simple universal concepts, making use of very little to express second... Typical when compared with other languages was a Wikipedia written in Toki Pona and English, and therefore. As possible ink is my life English, and ale ( lit many. For easy letter-by-letter transliteration Canada: ma Kanata li suli syllable in Toki is! Lot of allophonic variation — in 2 or 3 more posts which much.
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